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  India has the highest prevalence of diabetes. It is estimated that 40.9 million people in India suffer from diabetes and it has been forecasted that it will rise to almost 80 million people.

There are two types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a condition where the body produces little or no insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is a condition where the body may make insulin but it either doesn’t make enough or can’t properly use the insulin it makes to control the level of sugar in the blood

Frequent and urgent urination, increased thirst, increased hunger, sudden unexplained weight loss , and feeling of weakness or tiredness are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes.

Feeling tired, blurred vision, dry itchy skin, increased thirst, and increased hunger, increased urination, tingling in hands and feet or loss of feeling in hands and feet are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.

It is the third leading cause of blindness, heart disease, kidney failure, amputations and digestive disorders. The major cause of diabetes is heredity and immune system is another cause. Obesity, lack of exercise and improper nutrition are the contributory factor.

Diabetic retinopathy is one of the complications of diabetes , and if you are diabetes you have great possibility that you may suffer from this complication . It is a condition which affects both eyes at once. People with diabetes have higher risk of retinopathy than those without diabetes. Early detection and treatment can save their sight. Certain precautions can help them in avoiding their eye problems. Keep blood sugar level under control is the most important precaution. If there is coexisting high blood pressure it too should be kept under control. Smokers have to quit smoking and regular eye checkup by ophthalmologists is highly essential.
Consult your ophthalmologist urgently if
1 Vision becomes blurred
2 Difficulty reading signs or books
3 Eyes have become red
4 You see spots or floaters
5 You cannot see straight line straight
6 You cannot see the things at the side
  Though most diabetics begin to experience some retinopathy after having diabetes for approximately 10 years, this does not necessarily mean that sight is threatened.

Retinopathy does not always progress to the extent where sight is threatened or treatment is needed. It can be present without change in vision




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