Alzheimers disease is a neurological disease which affects memory and mental functions. It can be defined as a form of presenile dementia which occurs between ages of forty and sixty and is due to atrophy of frontal and occipital lobes. It occurs more in women than in men
Though the disease cannot be treated proper nutrition can help preventing it.
According to new study elderly people with diets rich in flavonols are less likely to develop Alzheimer's disease. Flavanols is a group of antioxidants found in fruits, vegetables and tea. Also apple is good for memory and hence good for Alzheimers patient. Presence of Phytonutrients in apple could be usefull in improving memory. Further beet root , greenleafy veggies and cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and cauliflower can help in prolonging the onset of this disease. Nuts too are good. However avoid refined oil and refined sugar. Also avoid salt. One can use spices and herbs as an alternative for salt.
Though there is currently no cure raising awareness about risk factors can delay the onset of disease in some individuals. Less sleep as they age from 50 to 60 are more prone to develop Alzheimers disease later in life.
India is having the largest population of older person with dementia and Alzheimer's is one of the commonest cause of dementia.
Alzheimer's disease can be diagnosed by Brain scan. This can diagnose Alzheimer's disease a decade before it causes memory problem. Those who cannot bear expensive brain scan noninvasive less expensive eye testing is available for them. This is because Alzheimer's disease apart from brain also affects eye .The eye study involved photoraphying blood vessels in the retina, the nerve layer lining the back of the eyes. Shaun Frost of Australia's national science agency CSIRO said that eye doctors have cameras for this but it takes a special computer program to measure blood vessels for the experimental test.
However another research conducted by Dr.Simon Ridley of Alzheimer's research UK concluded that a test based on spinal fluid changes can predict with nearly ninety percent accuracy a decade before Alzheimer's sets in. They also concluded that new therapies that can retard or halt progression of the disease will soon be available.
A separate study suggests that "a fall "can also give a clue or rather could be an early sign of Alzheimer's disease. Both the studies were discussed at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference in France. Susan Stark of Washington University led the first study tying falls to a risk of developing Alzheimer. It involved 125 people who had normal cognition. They kept journal on how often they fell and had brain scans and spinal taps to look for various substances that can signal Alzheimer's disease. In six months 48 fell at least once. The risk of falling was nearly three times greater for each unit of increase in the sticky plaque that scans revealed in their brains
A new research has stated that exercise helps your memories from being erased. Further the research also states that it is never too late to start. Further it also states that more vigorous the exercise the lower the risk of dementia.